عنوان مقاله [English]
The grammatical categories of Persian language are divided into various types in terms of grammar and syntax. This research seeks to answer the questions of what a Pseudo-sentences is, what types it has, and how it is expressed in grammar books. A Pseudo-sentence is a word or a group of Persian and non-Persian words that lack verb and structure of a Persian sentence but has the full meaning of a sentence. The sentence in Persian either has or does not have adverb. Pseudo-sentences fall into the category of verb-less sentences. In grammar books, some have referred to this as sound and others as quasi-sentence. This study examines, analyzes, and classifies Pseudo-sentences in all its forms. Furthermore, it designates various features, and provides some criteria to differentiate idioms, sounds, adverbs. Sound is a type of quasi-sentence, but quasi-sentence is not limited to sound. Some nouns, adjectives, pronouns and adverbs are formed by changing the melody and putting a special emphasis on the sentence. Many verbless proverbs, monada, some non-Persian words (Turkish, English and French) and many commonly used Arabic phrases, verbs and sentences in Persian are considered Pseudo-sentences. Pseudo-sentences are divided into different groups and classes in terms of function and meaning, and express many human emotions and feelings such as: desire and hope, respect and obedience, disgust and hatred, anger, kindness and compassion, blame and insult, question, emphasis, regret, surprise, encouragement and pain. In general, Pseudo-sentences reflect more negative emotions and feelings. The subject of the quasi-sentence is related to both the pure linguistics and syntax.