عنوان مقاله [English]
Mawlana Jalaluddin Mohammad Balkhi, a famous poet and mystic of the 7th century, who is most famous for his mystical poetry; He also has prose works that have received little attention from researchers. Among his prose works are "Letters" which were written in different times and with specific purposes. On the other hand, as evidenced by his works - such as Majlis Sab'a - besides being a famous poet, Mawlavi was also an outstanding orator. The hypothesis of the upcoming essay is that Mawlavi's letters, which have a direct relationship with the audience of the letters; Influenced by Mawlavi's character - as an orator - it contains signs of rhetorical elements. Therefore, with the approach of rhetorical criticism, Mawlavi's family letters - as an example of his rhetorical letters - are analyzed based on the components of Aristotelian rhetoric in a descriptive, analytical, and statistical method. Questions of this research are: based on the components of Aristotelian rhetoric , What are characteristics of Mowlavi's family letters and according to this, which components did Mowlavi- Mawlavi- use more and why? The achievements of this research, in addition to confirming the hypothesis and new things about how Mawlana communicates with each family member; It is telling that all three components of the Aristotelian rhetoric theory are used in Mawlavi's family letters, the most part of which is dedicated to the pathos component, keeping in mind the appropriateness of the subject and the necessity of the words in order to impress and persuade the audience.