عنوان مقاله [English]
Majales Sab'a is one of the important works of Jalaluddin Mowlavi, which consists of seven sermons. This type of prose is called rhetorical prose and inspires the highest thoughts through the simplest logical forms. It has been used by great people such as Khawja Abdullah Ansari, Abu Saeed, Abul Fatah Shahreshtani, Rozbehan Baghli, Baha Ould, Mowlavi, Shams Tabriz and Saadi. The most important feature of this type of prose is its closeness to the spoken language, which is sometimes mixed with literary prose; the simplicity of the prose and lack of embellishment are among its characteristics as well. Compound verb is one of the most important grammatical topics and its correct usage makes the prose solid and well-founded. Considering this fact and the status of Majales Saba' and its linguistic features, the present article, with a descriptive-analytical method, explores the usage of compound verbs in Jalal al-Din Mowlavi’s Majales Saba'. The use of verbs in these texts helps us find the natural usage at that time and their precise grammatical analysis. In this research, we found that Rumi paid more attention to the use of simple verbs, and in many cases, he used many simple verbs from the same root or from different roots consecutively or with a short distance. Sometimes the simple and compound forms of a verb are combined. Some compound verbs are also affected by the existence of Arabic words in the structure of compound verbs, and although they are used in simple form in Arabic, they have become compound verbs in Farsi and Majales Sab'a. Saj’a (literally meaning musicality) also causes the usage of compound or simple verb.