عنوان مقاله [English]
Tradition is the basis of firm structure of poetry and every poet is influenced by literary tradition and poems of his predecessors. This impact is low in the poetry of some poets and in the poem of others is high. Shafiei is a poet who tradition and ancestors poems and their manifestation in his poetry are stronger than most of contemporary poets. Because of his attachment to Old Persian literature heritage he was influenced by former poets. Meanwhile Hafiz plays prominent role in Shafiei's mind and language. Shafiei is infatuated of Hafiz and his interest in Hafiz has had a profound impact on his poem. This effect is sometimes shown in inserting other's verses in own poem, hemistich, semi-hemistich and sometimes repeating poetic vocabulary. Alongside this, the major Hafiz's thought which is anti-hypocrisy and critique of hypocritical religious, Shafiei uses some of the words related to Hafiz's thoughts including: Rend, Mohtaseb, Shehneh, Asas and so on utilized it with adapting with his social-political thinking as Hafiz in form of positive and negative personalities. Some of Hafiz's verses also serve as an inspiration for composing poems and making themes in Shafiei's poem. In addition, we can see the influence of Hafiz, in the dimension of image making. Studying and adapting the poetic language, themes and poetic images of two poets reveals this influence and present study examines this effect by mentioning eamples and using a descriptive-analytic method. Studying Shafiei's poem in this regard leads us to conclude that Hafiz is one of the most influential traditional poets Shafiei kadkani's thought and language.