عنوان مقاله [English]
Maghamat Hariri written between 495 and 504 Ah, consisted of 50articles. Its main theme is the description of Abu Zaid Sarouji's greed and cunning, whereas, the author has also tackled other issues in the text, such as avoiding secularism and encouraging charity.
This paper makes an attempt to investigate the ideological behaviors of protagonist in Maghamat by employing van Dijk's (1998) socio-cognitive concept of ideological square as its theoretical framework within the paradigm of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). This approach is used to explain the poverty and beggary in the protagonist’s discourse as a tool to specify the hidden ideology embedded in the text and unfold the negligence of the rulers of time toward social welfare and scholars of the society by utilizing library and analytical methods. To achieve this objective, 50 articles of the book were analyzed as statistical society of the study to specify the protagonist’s ideological behaviors systematically based on 1) appearance description 2) rhetorical technique 3) uttering content 4) discourse function and 5) contrast function. The findings revealed that the protagonist employed a discourse containing conjuration along with contradictory mingled with admonishment and enticement to achieve his ends. The protagonist also made an attempt to exaggerate about his positive ‘self’ and others’ negative features. Taken together, these discursive features show the hero's behaviors in every contrasting and dualistic way so that he can trace the discourse of poverty and begging and the inappropriate disclosure of the rulers of the time to the public welfare and culture.