عنوان مقاله [English]
Ferdosis' Shahnameh is one of Iranian classical literature that many of its stories can be studied from the perspective of a tragic effects. Siavash mourning as ancient tradition with its tragic core is sample of these stories. In this study Siavash story based on the theory of "mythos tragedy" by Northrop Frye (Northrop Frye), Canadian critic's review will be considered. According to this theory, the universal principles which are provided for consideration of tragic works; Siavash story is components of the incompatibility of love and social structure, dominated by unconditional recognition also enjoys six stages that ranking it in the most beautiful tragedy works of the world. Frye in his approach don’t look at anti-hero character, because in the tragic works all are friends together; so this course of events and god's will cause friendship changed to hostility. In Siavash story and game of time and dominated by fate, make Afrasiab be against with his groom and his daughter and both sides are struggle together unwillingly. Other components of the tragedy, is inevitable ultimate tragedy that in mourning Siavash, with best way is inspired to the audience. Stability and peace as well as world-cum-circuit at end of the story cause creation of a kind of metaphysical consolation tangential direction required for the final part of tragic effect.